3. Dielectrics

3.1 Definitions and General Relations

3.1.1 Polarization and Dielectric Constant

3.1.2 Summary to: Polarization and Dielectric Constant

3.2 Mechanisms of Polarization

3.2.1 General Remarks

3.2.2 Electronic Polarization

3.2.3 Ionic Polarization

3.2.4 Orientation Polarization

3.2.5 Summary and Generalization

3.2.6 Local Field and Clausius - Mosotti Equation

3.2.7 Summary to: Polarization Mechanisms

3.3 Frequency Dependence of the Dielectric Constant

3.3.1 General Remarks

3.3.2 Dipole Relaxation

3.3.3 Resonance for Ionic and Atomic Polarization

3.3.4 Complete Frequency Dependence of a Model Material

3.3.5 Summary to: Frequency Dependence of the Dielectric Constant

3.4. Dynamic Properties

3.4.1 Dielectric Losses

3.4.2 Summary to: Dynamic Properties - Dielectric Losses

3.5 Electrical Breakdown and Failure

3.5.1 Observation of Electrical Breakdown and Failure

3.5.2 Mechanisms of Electrical Breakdown

3.5.3 Summary to: Electrical Breakdown and Failure

3.6 Special Dielectrics

3.6.1 Piezo Electricity and Related Effects

3.6.2 Ferro Electricity

3.6.3 Summary to: Special Dielectrics

3.7 Dielectrics and Optics

3.7.1 Basics

3.7.2 The Complex Index of Refraction

3.7.3 Using the Complex Index of Refraction

3.7.4 Summary to: Dielectrics and Optics

3.8 Summary: Dielectrics


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