Museums in Copenhagen / Denmark
|Copenhagen is a wonderful city. On a sunny day you shouldn't go into museums (with the possible exception of the Carlsberg brewery beer museum) but walk around and look at all those people (including dragons) hanging around on the top of buildings, palaces, fountains, and so on. To my amazement I also learned that due to some oversight it wasn't my ancestors who last destroyed Copenhagen (they only occupied it) but the British Admiral Nelson in 1801 for some obscure reason.|
|There are fantastic museums, too, and
I spend many hours in the National Museum, Denmark's largest museum of
archaeology and cultural history.
To make a long story short: it is a great museum.
|As far as metals are concerned, they
have plenty of copper and bronze objects, either right from Denmark or from
Egypt, Greece or elsewhere. Those old Danes in the 19th century have been out
and collecting, just like anybody else from the more advanced countries,
whenever they didn't kill each other.
As far as iron and steel is concerned, they also have a tremendous treasures right from Denmark (or what used to be Denmark): the bog treasures, covered elsewhere in more detail.
In short, old Danes (or whatever they called themselves) that lived up there before the Vikings, sacrificed huge amounts of war booty, including many fancy pattern-welded swords, in their local bogs.
Here is an example:
|Parts or most of what is known as the
Nydam treasure is
now in the "Landesmuseum
Schleswig-Holstein in Schleswig, Germany" and the Danes want it back.
What they still have, however, is plenty. Alas, as usual, the artifacts are
neither displayed in a particular good way nor do the explanations justice to
what you see. It might be a tad better than most exhibits of this kind, but
there is plenty of room for improvement.
The rather unbelievable Lindholmgård sword, for example, is displayed in the back of a case and kept rather in the dark.
|They way those swords are displayed
and illuminated makes it hard to see details. It makes it even harder to take
good pictures because it is almost impossible to avoid reflections from the
commom glass used for the display cases.
It was clear that many of those swords were pattern welded but no information about that was given.
|But then there were compensations. For example one of the oldest Nordic wood sculptures. It makes quite clear that those guys knew what their swords symbolized:|
|There is the world famous Gundestrup silver cauldron and probably the world's largest collection of lures, a simple wind instrument but far more difficult to make than a bronze sword; and so on.|
|Not to forget: There are innumerable Greek vases and other objects from the early Mediterranean region, Roman stuff, things from the Pacific areas, from Africa an so on. Noteworthy are the Egyptian artifacts, including what must be the world's first barbie doll:|
|Of course there are acres of local stuff, like the ubiquitous St. George slaying a dragon.|
|This one doesn't have tits but a well-rendered asshole.|
Critical Museum Guide
Early Metal Technology - 2. Silver and Lead
Critical Museum Guide: Landesmuseum Schleswig-Holstein in Schleswig, Germany
Critical Museum Guide: "The Vikings" Special Exhibition from Oct. 2014 - Jan. 2015 in the Martin-Gropius-Bau
10.1.1 Discovering Metals and Smelting
11.2.1 Background to Celtic Swords
Swords and Symbols
Danish Bog Sacrifices
11.4.3 Ulfberht Swords
11.3.2 More to Pattern Welding
Large Pictures chapter 11.4
Large Pictures 2 - Chapter 11.3
Additional Pictures - Chapter 1
11.1.2 The Bronze Sword
11.4. The Transition to All-Steel Swords / 11.4.1 Viking Swords
Migration Period Swords and Fancy Hilts & Pommels
Large Pictures Chapter 11.6
Iron in Africa
Large Pictures - Chapter 11.2
Old Iron Things
Large Pictures - Chapter 11.1
10.2.2 Smelting Iron
Large Pictures I
Some Additional Pictures; chapter 10.1
Large Pictures II
Large Pictures III
Luristan Project - Large Pictures
Large Pictures III
Large Pictures Chapter 11.5
Large Pictures Chapter 12.2
© H. Föll (Iron, Steel and Swords script)