Osmund Iron in the Gdansk Museum

The Maritime Museum of Gdansk contains whatever had been dug up of the "Copper Ship" in 1969. The copper ship was a freight boat dating to 1450 -1500 that contained copper ingots and about 100 barrels of trade goodies including the Osmund iron or actually Osmund steel. The museum used to display the Osmund steel labeled as "iron ore" in a barrel as shown in the backbone.
Buchwald must have taken the barrel picture well before 2008. Now we have 2014 - let's see how the museum has dealt with the topic by now. The very newest information1) about osmund in general and the osmund iron in Gdansk is given by Peter Crew, well known to us from before.
The Osmund steel is no longer in a barrel but in a box in front of some of the barrels:
Barrels from the copper ship" and the box of "Rudna Zelazna (Osmund)"
Content of the (badly lit) box
  The Osmund is no longer in a barrel but in a box. Some pieces have been cleaned and cut and are on display in a show case:
Pieces in the show case
So the museum got it right by now? Well - almost:
What is Osmund?
It is easy to get a bit confused about Osmund iron. Is it ore or steel? And how does it relate to the osemund iron / steel from the German Sauerland / Siegerland region?
Not at all, in fact. Osemund iron / steel is a local speciality where pig iron was fined and collected at the end of on iron bar:
Osemund iron
Osemund iron (plus a lump of puddle iron on a special
wagon for transport)
Source. Photographed a the Castle museum in Altena / Sauerland / Germany
Osemund was optimized for the local speciality: steel wire making.
1) Peter Crew: "Osmund from the perspective of the English sources"; From Berglund, B. (ed) 2015, Jarnet och Sveriges medeltida modernisering (Jernkontorets bergshistoriska skriftserie 48), pp. 151 - 189

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go to Books and Other Major Sources

go to Damascene Meanings

go to Some Old Names Around Steel and Iron

go to 10.5.2 Making Steel up to 1870

go to 12.2.6 Experimental Tests of Old Steel and Swords

© H. Föll (Iron, Steel and Swords script)