Maps of Various Cultures
|I have these maps in a science
module because you need to know a bit about
European history ( not to mention geography) for understanding these maps.
I will therefore not explain the details; you know all that. The maps appear in the same order as the sequence
of the important cultures mentioned here. All maps are from Wikipedia; some I have modified a little bit.
|First the Marcomanni:
The map shows the Marcomanni and other Germanic tribes around 50 AD.
The Marcomanni and the Quadi are in the area of modern Bohemia.
Alemanni. They were first
mentioned by the Romans in 213 AD.
The Alemanni captured the Roman "Agri Decumates" area in 260 AD, and later expanded into present-day Alsace,
and northern Switzerland, leading to the establishment of the Old High German language in those regions. In 496 AD
the Alemanni were conquered by the Frankish leader Clovis, the the first king of the
Franks and of what would become France. The French, of course, pronounced his name "Louis", the name
borne by 18 kings of France.
|In 746, Carloman ended an uprising by summarily
executing all Alemannic nobility at the
court at Cannstatt,
and for the following century, Alemannia was ruled by Frankish dukes. Following the treaty of Verdun of 843,
Alemannia became a province of the eastern kingdom of Louis the German, the precursor of the Holy Roman
Empire. The duchy persisted until 1268. We still resent that!
|Now to the
founders of the Frankish empire with Charlemagne as their best-known hero. They
what Napoleon tried to reproduce: Conquering much of Germany and the rest of Europe:
|In Germany we deal with that by declaring
Charlemagne and his forebears to be Germans, sort of. Swabia
or Suebia, modern day Schwaben, is were I hail from.
|There seems to be no such thing as a
map of the Vendel
culture so I move now to the Przeworsk
Poles like unpronounceable names and it is thus easy to remember that Przeworsk people lived in present day
Poland. They did that from the 3rd century BC to the 5th century AD; the map shows (and I'm guessing)
the 1st or 2nd century BC situation.
|The Przeworskis are still known to us (in
contrast to the people living in the light gray areas) because they
buried their dead in style with some stuff and thus left something for us to dig up.
|Here is a map of the Roman
limes, the fortified wall or palisade separating the
civilized world from the
"Barbaricum". What we see here is actually the " Limes Germanicus", 568 km long with at least 60 forts
and 900 watchtowers. It was in place from about 80 AD to about 260 AD.
|My birth place is marked by an "x", and Cannstatt is marked by a red box.|
Books and Other Major Sources
Critical Museum Guide: Landesmuseum Württemberg; Württemberg State Museum, Stuttgart, Germany
Danish Bog Sacrifices
Large Pictures 1
11.3.3 Evolution of Pattern Welding
The Frankish Empire And Its Swords
Large Pictures chapter 11.4
Large Pictures 2 - Chapter 11.3
Illerup Swords with Special Patterns
Migration Period Swords and Fancy Hilts & Pommels
Metallography of 8th / 9th Century Swords and Saxes
Analyzing the Forging of a "Viking" Sword
Additional Pictures - Chapter 11.1
Radiographie Study of Pattern Welded Swords
Structure Investigations of Pattern Welded Swords
Large Pictures 3
© H. Föll (Iron, Steel and Swords script)