Some Less Important Danish Bogs
|First items, including swords, were found by a fishermen in 1849. The offerings had been ritually destroyed and are heavily corroded.|
|10 sword fragments,
heavily corroded but with some pattern welding and of probably Roman origin,
Newer and superficial investigations did not yield new results. Dallerup seems to offer nothing that is of interest for iron steel and swords. Forget it.
|Esbjøl is a big side - physically and with regard to the discoveries made there. When parts of the bog was drained in 1955, many (around 1700) objects were found, most of it general army stuff including swords. In the wrong believe that everything of interest had been found, the area was partially flooded again - big mistake!|
|Some digging was resumed
in 1988 and one might presume that swords of interest were found. However,
there is not much I could find out about the Esbjøl swords. Here are a
|There is also a book:|
|In 1998 pieces of a precious belt with lots of gold, silver precious stones etc. were found, and there is probably a lot more to be found in times to come.|
|Large bog, 1901 some systematic digging. About 100 objects including swords, spear and lance points were found. They are form the C2 period, i.e. around 20 Ad|
|I couldn't find anything about the swords Let's forget it - for the time being.|
|Illemose is huge - 60.000
m2 or more - and has yielded artifacts for a long time. In 1845 the
Celtic "Rynkeby cauldron" was found, a silver cauldron akin to the
cauldron if smaller an heavily damaged.
1893 some professional digging took place, a first publication appeared 1901.
|The 50 known objects
today are form the C1 period ( arond 200± AD). Only 1 sword of the
Vilmose-Illerup type is know; it carries a stamp and is certainly Roman.
There might be more, far more, but until digging is resumed we will not know.
|Kragehul is a big place covering about 10.000 m2. Engelhardt already dug in the central area between 1864 and 1877; since then no more digging was done.|
|The site contained five
deposits of military equipment from the period 200 AD to 475 AD. including a
(famous) spear with a runic inscriptions that reads:
"I, the nobleman of A-sugi-salaz, am called Muha, ga-ga-ga!"
The "ga-ga-ga" part has triggered many fancy research papers.
Engelhardt mentions 10 swords, 80 spear and lance points, and so on. The general appearance is similar to Nydam.
Here is an elaborate silver hilt from Kraehul:
|First finds in Porskjær were made around 1870 by peat diggers and induced Conrad Engelhardt to do some systematic digging in 1979 / 80. The precise position is a bit unclear today, the potentially interesting area is huge.|
|Since iron objects were
found the environment must have been basic, probably from lime deposits on the
sea floor. The finds must have come from several deposits in different periods;
the oldest from "C1b" or 230 ± 20 AD the youngest from the
migration period (380 - 490 AD).
There might have been sword blades but I couldn't find any data.
|Thorsbjerg is special for 2 reasons:
|The bog is acidic so no iron parts could be found. However, plenty of other objects - including sword hilts, perfectly preserves wooden sword sheaths, and a silver mask!|
|The publications of these finds not only started the interest in Danish bogs but a kind of "gold rush".|
|Find around 1880, no iron weapons, but parts of a wooden wagon!|
|Otherwise: Forget it!|
|Trinnemose is a small and acidic bog
- no iron objects survived. It was already cleared out in the 19th century.
Some bronze stuff survived, including fittings from sword sheaths.
|It appears that just one
sacrifice of army things took place around "C1b" or 230 ± 20 AD.
|Again, some stuff (iron lance points, horse gear, bronze and silver: about 40 objects) were discovered already in the 19th century. That's it.|
|Let's forget it - for the time being.|
Books and Other Major Sources
Early Metal Technology - 2. Silver and Lead
Critical Museum Guide: Dresden
Wagner's "The Ring of the Nibelung"
Danish Bog Sacrifices
Large Pictures 1
Large Pictures chapter 11.4
Large Pictures 2 - Chapter 11.3
Migration Period Swords and Fancy Hilts & Pommels
Northern Sword Types of the First Millennium
Old Sagas, Heroes and Swords
Metallography of 8th / 9th Century Swords and Saxes
Analyzing the Forging of a "Viking" Sword
Radiographie Study of Pattern Welded Swords
Theoderic's "Thank You" letter
Large Pictures 3
© H. Föll (Iron, Steel and Swords script)