Iron, Steel and Swords

Helmut Föll

A detailed history of Iron and steel as evidenced by the history of swords. With a deep look into the science of iron and steel. Plus lots of additional modules more or less relevant to the subject. And all for free.
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Replica of pattern welded
Viking sword

The real thing
Source: Patrick Barta Source: Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nürnberg, Germany
PDF-version of backbone (103 MB!)
ZIP-version of hyperscript (1.66 GB!)
Presentation "Altes Eisen" am IMWS Halle, April 2018
A version of this starting page translated into Latvian by Lucja Adamska can be found in this link

How to Start

Go the direct way, or
Use the Menu bar on the left. This leaves four alternatives:
  Click on "Introduction" and start at the beginning.
  Click on the chapter of interest and take it from there.
  Click on "Module Matrix" and start with whatever looks interesting.
  Click on "Index" and go for whatever catches your eye.

Which Browser?

This Hyperscript is optimized for the Windows Explorer because it seems to be the only one that understands some non-trivial math notation.
The link opens a "Check your Browser" page. If the contents are garbled, switch to the Windows Explorer.


You can send me an e-mail to this address:
You must replace the "(at)" by the "@" sign since I don't want e-mails from computers.
Disclaimer: (Required by German Law)
Herewith I declare that I have nothing whatsoever to do with the content of linked pages as far as they are not my own, or not within my direct sphere of influence.
H. Foell
Hiermit distanziere ich mich ausdrücklich von allen Inhalten aller gelinkten Seiten auf dieser Homepage und mache mir diese Inhalte nicht zu eigen. Diese Erklärung gilt für alle auf meinen Seiten angebrachten Links, die außerhalb meines direkten Einflussbereiches liegen.
H. Föll
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