Termine an der TF

Kolloquiumsvortrag (ET&IT), Dr. Andreas Bisplinghoff, Cisco / am 04.12.2017

04.12.2017 von 17:15 bis 18:00

Institute Ostufer, Geb. D, "Aquarium", Kaiserstr. 2, 24143 Kiel

Titel: From Long-Haul to Data-Center-Interconnect - Effiziente Signalverarbeitungsalgorithmen für Flexible Optische Netze

Abstract: First coherent optical communication systems, operating at 40Gbps, have been deployed in 2005. Since then, coherent optical technology has undergone remarkable development in the most recent years. Nowadays, state of the art products support line rates up to 400Gbps per wavelength. Next generation systems will primarily target for higher integration density but will presumably also reach line rates of 600Gbps and beyond.

With progress both in CMOS technology and of optical components, coherent optical transmission continuously pushes forward to highest reach for ultra-long haul applications as well as to highest capacity for shorter reach data-center interconnects. Both directions involve very specific requirements both on the capabilities of applied DSP algorithms and integration density of electrical and optical components.

Each new CMOS technology node facilitates the implementation of more sophisticated DSP algorithms. Many DSP components have undergone tremendous development during the most recent years, enabling coherent systems operating at highest transmission rates. Very efficient equalizer algorithms compensate for linear (CD, PMD) and non-linear (SPM, XPM) signal distortions, enhanced soft-decoded forward error correction schemes improve the noise tolerance, and with probabilistic constellation shaping performance will ultimately approach the Shannon limit.

This talk gives a high-level overview about state of the art DSP algorithms and most recent developments in coherent optical communication. It then discusses the balancing act to address the specific requirements of highest reach as well as highest capacity transmission within a single ASIC. Finally, some selected tradeoffs in algorithm and architecture optimization are shown by means of soft-decoded forward error correction as an example.

Bio: Andreas Bisplinghoff was born in Forchheim in 1984. He received the Dipl.-Ing. and Dr.-Ing. degrees both in electrical and electronic engineering from the Friedrich-Alexander University of Erlangen in 2009 and 2015, respectively.

From 2010 to 2013, he was a Research Assistant with the Institute of Microwaves and Photonics at the University of Erlangen. Since 2013 he has been a Hardware Engineer in Advanced Development with the Cisco Optical GmbH. His research interests include the development of slip-reduced carrier phase recovery techniques and of power-efficient forward error correction schemes for coherent optical communication. Andreas Bisplinghoff has broad experience in complexity-aware algorithm design, FPGA-based prototyping, and power-optimized ASIC implementation.

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Kolloquiumsvortrag (MaWi), Prof. Friedrich Frischknecht, Universität Heidelberg / am 11.12.2017

11.12.2017 von 17:15 bis 18:00

Institute Ostufer, Geb. D, "Aquarium", Kaiserstr. 2, 24143 Kiel

Titel: Malaria transmission: new insights from in vivo imaging and materials science

Abstract: Malaria parasites are transmitted by mosquitoes and multiply to large numbers in red blood cells to cause disease. When taken up by mosquitoes the parasite develop in large cysts in their guts from where they emerge to colonize the salivary glands of the insect. From there the parasites are injected into the skin where they have to migrate to find a blood vessel. After entering the blood vessel the parasites first enter liver cells where they multiply without causing disease symptoms. In this seminar I will illuminate some of this curious biology using a set of different microscopy techniques, molecular genetics and biophysical approaches. We will see how parasites form within the cysts, how they leave the cysts, move within salivary glands and in the skin. Using laser tweezers we have measured the force they can produce and using micro-pillar arrays we have asked whether they adapted their shape in order to find the small blood capillaries into which they enter. For more info see: www.sporozoite.org

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Kolloquiumsvortrag (MaWi), PD Dr. Pavel Levkin, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology / am 18.12.2017

18.12.2017 von 17:15 bis 18:00

Institute Ostufer, Geb. D, "Aquarium", Kaiserstr. 2, 24143 Kiel

Titel: Designing biofunctional interfaces: from superhydrophobicity to cell microarrays

Abstract: Patterns of different surface properties are ubiquitous in nature and serve various important purposes. Desert beetles exploit superhydrophilic spots on their superhydrophobic back to collect water from the morning mist in the desert. Hydrophilic spots on a superhydrophobic surface of lichen plants allow them to uptake water, but also prevent the formation of water layers on the surface that could interfere with the discharge of lichen spores into the air. Superhydrophobic and omniphobic surfaces possess various unique properties including self-cleaning, liquid repellent and cell repellent properties. We are interested in creating precise two-dimensional micropatterns of apparently incompatible and opposite properties such as superhydrophobicity and superhydrophilicity or slippery and adhesive properties. To create such patterns we develop surface coatings with special wettabilities and photochemical surface functionalization strategies. Combining seemingly opposite properties in micropatterns leads to functionalities non-existent on the original homogeneous interfaces. For example, we showed that superhydrophobic-superhydrophilic patterned surfaces could be used to create patterns of cells, arrays of microdroplets suitable for high-throughput cell screenings, formation of arrays of hydrogel micropads or free-standing hydrogel particles with defined shapes for 3D cell culture. Patterned liquid-infused interfaces could be also used to form cell microarrays or arrays of isolated biofilm colonies for biofilm screenings.

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