Erasmus+ Info Veranstaltung für Studierende an der TF

Technische Fakultät organisiert erneut Siegerehrung des Landeswettbewerbs „Jugend forscht – Schüler experimentieren“

Sonderkolloquium, Jun.-Prof. Dr. Mattias Heinrich, Uni Lübeck / am 07.07.2017

07.07.2017 von 14:15 bis 15:45

Institut für Informatik,Christian-Albrechts-Platz 4, R.715, 24114 Kiel

Titel: Learning Sparse Binary Features for Medical Image Segmentation of the Abdomen

Abstract: In this talk, we explore the capabilities of sparse binary features for medical image segmentation. Due to insufficient contrast and anatomical shape variations local image patches rarely provide sufficient information for accurate segmentation of abdominal structures. Based on our two recent MICCAI papers, we propose to use long-range binary features to robustly capture the image context. Two different classification strategies are subsequently developed. 

First, a very fast approximate nearest neighbour search based on vantage point forests and Hamming distances between feature strings is presented. The classifier can be learned and applied to new data in few seconds. The approach reaches state-of-the-art performance for larger organs on the VISCERAL3 benchmark.

Second, we develop a deep neural network architecture that combines a local CNN path with a new contextual path that encodes the sparse binary features. Following the ideas from Network-in-Network, 1x1 convolutions are employed to learn the best combination of different binary offset locations. We demonstrate experimentally that this restricted feature extraction in the first layer enables to regularise the network with a huge receptive field and leads to short training times of less than 10 minutes. Using only 1 million trainable parameters, the model achieves a accuracy of 64.5% Dice, which is comparable to the best performing, much more complex deep CNN approach for pancreas segmentation.

Finally, the potential use of learned binary features for other tasks in medical image analysis, such as image registration and disease classification will be discussed.

Prof. Carsten Meyer

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Kolloquiumsvortrag (ET&IT), Prof. Elisabetta Chicca, Uni Bielefeld / am 13.11.2017

13.11.2017 von 17:15 bis 18:15

Institute Ostufer, Geb. D, "Aquarium", Kaiserstr. 2, 24143 Kiel

Titel: Learning in silico beyond STDP

Abstract: Synaptic plasticity empowers biological nervous systems with the ability to learn from experience and adjust to environmental changes. Such abilities are a must for artificial autonomous systems and therefore researchers have been devoting significant efforts to the understanding and modelling of plasticity mechanisms. In particular, the field of neuromorphic engineering focuses on the development of full-custom hybrid analog/digital electronic systems for the implementation of models of biological computation and learning in hardware. I will give a short historical overview of the most important plasticity circuits developed following the approach originally proposed by Carver Mead in the late eighties. Afterwards, I will present recent advancements in this field.

zur Person: Elisabetta Chicca hat einen "Laurea"-Abschluss (M.Sc.) in Physik von der Universität Rom 1 ("La Sapienza", Italien 1999) einen Ph.D. in Naturwissenschaften von der Eidgenössischen Technischen Hochschule Zürich (ETHZ, Abteilung Physik) und einen Ph.D. in Neurowissenschaften von dem neurowissenschaftlichen Zentrum Zürich (beides 2006).

 Prof. Chicca forschte als Postdoktorandin (2006-2010) und als Gruppenleiterin (2010-2011) am Institut für Neuroinformatik (Universität Zürich und ETH Zürich) an der Entwicklung von Neuromorphen Signalverarbeitungs- und sensorischen Systemen. Seit 2011 leitet sie die Gruppe Neuromorphic Behaving Systems an der Universität Bielefeld (Faculty of Technology and Cognitive Interaction Technology Center of Excellence, CITEC). Ihre aktuellen Interessen liegen in der Entwicklung von VLSI-Modellen kortikaler Schaltkreise für Gehirn-inspirierte Schaltungen, Lernen in spiking VLSI-neuronalen Netzen und Memristor basierten Systemen, bioinspirierter Wahrnehmung (Olfaktion, aktive Elektrolokalisierung, Hörvermögen) und Motorsteuerung. Die von ihr verwendeten Verfahren zur Herstellung kundenspezifischer Schaltungen (ASICs), sind solche, die auch von unseren neuen Kollegen Andreas Bahr und Robert Rieger genutzt werden.

 In ihrem Vortrag wird Elisabetta Chicca einen kurzen historischen Überblick über die wichtigsten neuromorphen Systeme geben, die nach dem Ansatz von Carver Mead in den späten achtziger Jahren entwickelt wurden. Danach wird sie die neuesten Fortschritte in diesem Bereich vorstellen.

PD Martin Ziegler

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Kolloquiumsvortrag (ET&IT), M.Sc. Jonas Sauter, Nuance Communications / am 20.11.2017

20.11.2017 von 17:00 bis 18:00

Institute Ostufer, Geb. D, "Aquarium", Kaiserstr. 2, 24143 Kiel

Titel: Artificial Bandwidth Extension for Speech Signals Using Deep Neural Networks

Abstract: In mobile communication, the bandwidth of transferred speech signals is either narrow-band (300Hz – 3.4kHz) or wide-band (50Hz – 7kHz or higher). As the limitation to 3.4kHz degrades the speech quality and intelligibility, it is of great interest to artificially extend narrow-band speech signals to wide-band speech.

This talk presents a deep neural network (DNN) approach to artificial bandwidth extension with a focus on robustness in practical applications.

It is based on the source-filter model which decomposes the signal into two parts: an excitation signal and a spectral envelope. The excitation (source part) describes the fine spectral structure which consists of white noise for unvoiced speech and an impulse train for voiced speech. The spectral envelope (filter part) describes the coarse spectral structure, i.e. the formants or resonance frequencies that make up different phonemes.

While the extension of the excitation signal can be done with simple mathematical methods that do not introduce strong artifacts, the envelope is much more relevant for the quality of the reconstructed wide-band signal. That is why the wide-band envelope is estimated with DNNs in this approach, which are trained on a large speech corpus.

Short biography

Jonas Sautter studied Electrical Engineering, Information Technology and Computer Engineering at RWTH Aachen University, Germany. He received his Master of Science degree in 2016. The Master’s thesis with the title “Digital Robust Control for Active Noise Cancellation in Headphones and Hearing Aids” was composed at the Institute of Communication Systems at RWTH Aachen. Since November 2016, he is a PhD student at Nuance Communications in Ulm, supervised by Professor Gerhard Schmidt, Head of the Digital Signal Processing and System Theory group at Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel.

Prof. Schmidt

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Kolloquiumsvortrag (ET&IT), Dr.-Ing. Vasudev Kanade Rajan / am 27.11.2017

27.11.2017 von 17:15 bis 18:00

Institute Ostufer, Geb. D, "Aquarium", Kaiserstr. 2, 24143 Kiel

Titel: Digital Road Noise Cancellation System Through Active Noise Control

Abstract: The application of active noise cancellation in real-world has not been fully realized yet. From reducing environment noise through the usage of headphones, to engine noise on commercial jets there are a number of use cases. Each of these use case brings its own set of challenges which can be understood only through multi-disciplinary work. One such use case the the reduction of road noise in vehicles. Structure-borne road noise dominates the cabin of modern vehicles. Several road noise cancellation (RNC) prototype systems have been implemented and demonstrated. These systems are based mainly on analog sensors. The placement of these sensors has been so far been based on random optimization methods. In this talk I will talk about the challenges in developing a generic digital RNC system which includes problem analysis, sensor placement, and performance. An adaptive algorithm process the acceleration signals with high convergence and reaction time for various speed and surface ranges, in order to maintain high audible effects for the passengers. Several modern vehicle platforms are integrated with the digital RNC system with ANC microphone at the headliners and the standard audio loudspeaker setup in order to integrate the technology with the existing audio layout of the vehicle.

Short biography

Vasudev Kandade Rajan received Bachelors degree in Electronics and Communication from Visvesvaraya Technological University, Bangalore, India. He joined as Project Research Assistant in July 2008 in the Electrical Communication Engineering Dept, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. There he worked on performance management of IEEE 802.11 WLANs until Sept 2009. He then went to obtain his Masters degree (MSc.) in Digital Communications, 2011 and PhD degree in Signal Processing, 2017 from Universtiy of Kiel, Germany. Currently he is working in the R&D department of Harman Becker Automotive Systems GmbH, Straubing, Germany.

Prof. Schmidt

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Kolloquiumsvortrag (ET&IT), Dr. Andreas Bisplinghoff, Cisco / am 04.12.2017

04.12.2017 von 17:15 bis 18:00

Institute Ostufer, Geb. D, "Aquarium", Kaiserstr. 2, 24143 Kiel

Titel: From Long-Haul to Data-Center-Interconnect - Effiziente Signalverarbeitungsalgorithmen für Flexible Optische Netze

Abstract: First coherent optical communication systems, operating at 40Gbps, have been deployed in 2005. Since then, coherent optical technology has undergone remarkable development in the most recent years. Nowadays, state of the art products support line rates up to 400Gbps per wavelength. Next generation systems will primarily target for higher integration density but will presumably also reach line rates of 600Gbps and beyond.

With progress both in CMOS technology and of optical components, coherent optical transmission continuously pushes forward to highest reach for ultra-long haul applications as well as to highest capacity for shorter reach data-center interconnects. Both directions involve very specific requirements both on the capabilities of applied DSP algorithms and integration density of electrical and optical components.

Each new CMOS technology node facilitates the implementation of more sophisticated DSP algorithms. Many DSP components have undergone tremendous development during the most recent years, enabling coherent systems operating at highest transmission rates. Very efficient equalizer algorithms compensate for linear (CD, PMD) and non-linear (SPM, XPM) signal distortions, enhanced soft-decoded forward error correction schemes improve the noise tolerance, and with probabilistic constellation shaping performance will ultimately approach the Shannon limit.

This talk gives a high-level overview about state of the art DSP algorithms and most recent developments in coherent optical communication. It then discusses the balancing act to address the specific requirements of highest reach as well as highest capacity transmission within a single ASIC. Finally, some selected tradeoffs in algorithm and architecture optimization are shown by means of soft-decoded forward error correction as an example.

Bio: Andreas Bisplinghoff was born in Forchheim in 1984. He received the Dipl.-Ing. and Dr.-Ing. degrees both in electrical and electronic engineering from the Friedrich-Alexander University of Erlangen in 2009 and 2015, respectively.

From 2010 to 2013, he was a Research Assistant with the Institute of Microwaves and Photonics at the University of Erlangen. Since 2013 he has been a Hardware Engineer in Advanced Development with the Cisco Optical GmbH. His research interests include the development of slip-reduced carrier phase recovery techniques and of power-efficient forward error correction schemes for coherent optical communication. Andreas Bisplinghoff has broad experience in complexity-aware algorithm design, FPGA-based prototyping, and power-optimized ASIC implementation.

Prof. Pachnicke

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Kolloquiumsvortrag (MaWi), Prof. Friedrich Frischknecht, Universität Heidelberg / am 11.12.2017

11.12.2017 von 17:15 bis 18:00

Institute Ostufer, Geb. D, "Aquarium", Kaiserstr. 2, 24143 Kiel

Titel: Malaria transmission: new insights from in vivo imaging and materials science

Abstract: Malaria parasites are transmitted by mosquitoes and multiply to large numbers in red blood cells to cause disease. When taken up by mosquitoes the parasite develop in large cysts in their guts from where they emerge to colonize the salivary glands of the insect. From there the parasites are injected into the skin where they have to migrate to find a blood vessel. After entering the blood vessel the parasites first enter liver cells where they multiply without causing disease symptoms. In this seminar I will illuminate some of this curious biology using a set of different microscopy techniques, molecular genetics and biophysical approaches. We will see how parasites form within the cysts, how they leave the cysts, move within salivary glands and in the skin. Using laser tweezers we have measured the force they can produce and using micro-pillar arrays we have asked whether they adapted their shape in order to find the small blood capillaries into which they enter. For more info see: www.sporozoite.org

Prof. Selhuber

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Kolloquiumsvortrag (MaWi), PD Dr. Pavel Levkin, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology / am 18.12.2017

18.12.2017 von 17:15 bis 18:00

Institute Ostufer, Geb. D, "Aquarium", Kaiserstr. 2, 24143 Kiel

Titel: Designing biofunctional interfaces: from superhydrophobicity to cell microarrays

Abstract: Patterns of different surface properties are ubiquitous in nature and serve various important purposes. Desert beetles exploit superhydrophilic spots on their superhydrophobic back to collect water from the morning mist in the desert. Hydrophilic spots on a superhydrophobic surface of lichen plants allow them to uptake water, but also prevent the formation of water layers on the surface that could interfere with the discharge of lichen spores into the air. Superhydrophobic and omniphobic surfaces possess various unique properties including self-cleaning, liquid repellent and cell repellent properties. We are interested in creating precise two-dimensional micropatterns of apparently incompatible and opposite properties such as superhydrophobicity and superhydrophilicity or slippery and adhesive properties. To create such patterns we develop surface coatings with special wettabilities and photochemical surface functionalization strategies. Combining seemingly opposite properties in micropatterns leads to functionalities non-existent on the original homogeneous interfaces. For example, we showed that superhydrophobic-superhydrophilic patterned surfaces could be used to create patterns of cells, arrays of microdroplets suitable for high-throughput cell screenings, formation of arrays of hydrogel micropads or free-standing hydrogel particles with defined shapes for 3D cell culture. Patterned liquid-infused interfaces could be also used to form cell microarrays or arrays of isolated biofilm colonies for biofilm screenings.

Bild

Prof. Selhuber

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  • 17:15: Kolloquiumsvortrag (ET&IT), Prof. Elisabetta Chicca, Uni Bielefeld / am 13.11.2017
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